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Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs designed to "target" cancer cells without affecting normal cells.
How and Why it is done?
Targeted therapies are made to find and attack specific areas or substances in cancer cells or can detect and block certain kinds of messages sent inside a cancer cell that tell it to grow. Sometimes, targeted therapy is used as the front line or initial treatment. They may also combine targeted therapy with other treatments, such as traditional chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.
To find the right targeted therapy, your doctor may order tests to learn about the genes, proteins, and other factors that are unique to cancer you have. This helps find the most effective treatment.
Launch of the Myeloma Clinic - A Step Towards Fighting Blood Cancer - Dr. Ragesh Nair
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Frequently Asked Questions
What are the benefits of targeted therapy?
Targeted therapy’s major benefit is that it can kill cancer cells without damaging healthy cells. It can also block cancer cells from growing. Doctors may recommend targeted therapies when other treatments haven’t been effective.
What happens before targeted therapy?
Your doctor will confirm if targeted therapy is the right treatment for you based on an overall assessment. You will need to test your and undergo a tissue biopsy. Your provider will examine the samples for specific gene changes or mutations, looking for targets that are likely to respond to specific therapies.
What is the difference between chemotherapy and targeted therapy?
Targeted therapy is less toxic to healthy cells than chemo. Both options are often done in conjunction with other treatments, such as radiation (pictured). Both chemotherapy and targeted therapy are types of cancer treatments.