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Bone Marrow Transplant
A Bone Marrow Transplant is a treatment that infuses healthy blood-forming cells into your body to replace the diseased bone marrow. A bone marrow transplant is also called a stem cell transplant. You might need a bone marrow transplant if your bone marrow stops working and does not produce enough healthy blood cells. Bone marrow transplants use cells from your own body (autologous transplant) or from a donor (allogeneic transplant).
To prepare for a stem cell transplant, you receive chemotherapy to kill the diseased cells and malfunctioning bone marrow. Then, transplanted blood stem cells are put into your bloodstream. The transplanted stem cells find their way to your marrow, where — ideally — they begin producing new, healthy blood cells.
Bone Marrow Transplants | Dr. Ragesh Nair
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Frequently Asked Questions
How is a Bone Marrow match determined?
Doctors look for a donor who matches their patient's tissue type, specifically their human leukocyte antigen (HLA) tissue type. HLAs are proteins or markers found on most cells in your body. The closer the match between the patient's HLA markers and yours, the better for the patient.
How long does it take to fully recover from a bone marrow transplant?
Recovery time depends on the type of transplant: Donated bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplant can take 2-3 weeks.
Will donating marrow make me weak?
The amount of marrow donated will not weaken your own body or immune system. The average amount of marrow and blood donated is about one quart, less if the patient is a baby or child. This is only a fraction of your total marrow. Most donors are back to their usual routine in a few days, and your marrow naturally replaces itself within four to six weeks.