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A hernia is a protrusion or a bulging of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening. Types of hernia are inguinal which is common in males, umbilical in females, and femoral, and hiatus hernias. Hernia repair surgery is done if the hernia becomes stuck or strangulated.
How and why it is done?
A hernia is usually treated with surgery. The three main types of hernia surgery are open repair, laparoscopic (minimally invasive) repair, and robotic repair.
Open hernia repair is a traditional method where an incision, or cut, is made in the groin, the hernia is pushed back inside and the abdominal wall is strengthened with a mesh.
Laparoscopic (minimally invasive) hernia repair uses a laparoscope, a thin, telescope-like instrument that is inserted through a small incision at the belly button. Mesh is placed on the inside to cover the defects in the abdominal wall and strengthen the tissue.
Robotic surgery can be used for some smaller hernias, or weak areas, it can now also be used to reconstruct the abdominal wall. One of the biggest differences between laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery is that the use of the robot provides excellent three-dimensional images of the inside of the abdomen.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Does the hernia need to be repaired immediately?
In some cases, if the hernia is small, doesn't grow, and doesn't cause any pain or problems, then surgery may not be needed immediately. However, it's important to realize that most of the time, hernias do get larger.
What is the main cause of hernia?
Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia; the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth; more often, it occurs later in life.