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Spinal surgery is performed to correct spinal pathologies that cause pain with the goal of having a pain-free and aligned spine. Spine surgery is used to relieve the pain and/or numbness associated with this pain, which often radiates to other areas of the back, arms, and legs. Lumbar laminectomy, lumbar discectomy, and spinal fusion surgery are common spine surgeries.
How and why is it done?
Laminectomy is a type of surgery in which a surgeon removes part or all of the vertebral bone (lamina). This helps ease pressure on the spinal cord or the nerve roots that may be caused by injury, herniated disk, narrowing of the canal (spinal stenosis), or tumours.
Lumbar discectomy is a type of surgery to fix a disc in the lower back. This surgery uses smaller cuts (incisions) than an open lumbar discectomy.
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to correct problems with the small bones in the spine (vertebrae). It is essentially a welding process designed to mimic the normal healing process of broken bones.
Neurosurgeons are instrumental in the surgical treatment of spinal disorders, and in fact, over two-thirds of all surgeries performed by neurosurgeons are for spine disorders and injuries. Our spine surgeons provide intensive education to patients, and maintain close working relationships with referring physicians by keeping them apprised of their patients’ initial visits, hospital stays, and follow-up visits.
How to Take Care of Your Spine? | Dr. Vinod V
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Frequently Asked Questions
Can spinal surgery affect your brain?
The risk of losing your memory after minimally invasive spine surgery is small. Most spine surgeries do not deal with the brain, which is where our memory abilities are stored.
Do you have to wear a brace after spinal fusion?
You will need to always wear a brace when you are up, for 3 months following surgery. You may remove the brace for brief periods to shower and attend to personal hygiene but remember to maintain your back in a neutral position and avoid any bending.
What is the most common spine surgery?
Spinal decompression and fusion is the most common spine surgery, and it is performed to take pressure off of pinched nerves and/or the spinal cord, to stabilize the spine.