Emergency

Heart Failure

Heart Failure, also known as Congestive Heart Failure, is a chronic, progressive condition where the heart is unable to pump blood normally, thereby unable to meet the body’s circulatory needs. It does not stop the complete pumping but makes the heart muscles work less efficiently. This condition leads to shortness of breath and swelling of the legs and feet. 

Symptoms of heart failure are as below:

  • Coughing
  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Palpitations
  • Swollen legs, and feet
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Weight gain 

Causes

  • Arrhythmias
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Heart Attack 
  • Hypertension
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Heart valve problems
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Severe Lung Disease

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Frequently Asked Questions

How is heart failure diagnosed?

Heart Failure is diagnosed by an experienced physician based on his examination findings and with the help of diagnostic tests like an echocardiogram.

What is heart failure? Does it require a transplant?

Heart failure can occur if the heart cannot pump (systolic) or fill (diastolic) adequately. A heart transplant is an operation in which a failing heart is replaced with a healthier donor heart. A heart transplant is a treatment that's usually reserved for people whose condition hasn't improved enough with medications or other surgeries.

What is the last stage of heart failure?

In the final stages of heart failure, people feel breathless both during activity and at rest. Persistent coughing or wheezing. This may produce white or pink mucus. The cough may be worse at night or when lying down.

Who is most likely to get heart failure?

It is more common in people who are 65 years old or older, African Americans, people who are overweight, and people who have had a heart attack. Men have a higher rate of heart failure than women. Your doctor will diagnose heart failure by doing a physical exam and heart tests.