Liver Cirrhosis Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a late stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by many forms of liver diseases and conditions, such as hepatitis and chronic alcoholism. Cirrhosis causes permanent damage to the liver, and this leads to blockage of blood flow through the liver. Advanced stages of liver cirrhosis can be fatal. 

Symptoms of cirrhosis are as below:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling and tenderness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Dark-coloured stool and urine
  • Visible jaundice - yellow eyes and skin 
  • Itching of skin
  • Water retention
  • Flatulence
  • Low libido
  • Speech imbalance 
  • Muscle weakness
  • Swelling in extremities


  • Chronic alcoholism
  • Viral infections - Hepatitis
  • Fatty liver disease - Fat deposits in the liver
  • Hemochromatosis - excessive iron built up
  • Drug overdose or reactions
  • Wilson’s Disease
  • Glycogen storage disorders

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Frequently Asked Questions

How quickly does cirrhosis progress?

Cirrhosis is a very slow-acting disease. It can take up to 30 years to develop. The amount of time it takes for cirrhosis to develop depends on a few factors, including the cause of the cirrhosis, a person's general health, lifestyle, and genetics.

What is the best treatment for liver cirrhosis?

If cirrhosis progresses and your liver is severely damaged, a liver transplant may be the only treatment option. This is a major operation that involves removing your diseased liver and replacing it with a healthy liver from a donor.