Emergency

Kidney Stones

Kidney stones or also called renal calculi, nephrolithiasis, or urolithiasis are hard deposits made of minerals and salts that form inside the kidneys. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract but usually don't cause permanent damage.

Symptoms of kidney stones are as below:

  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Blood in urine
  • Smelly or cloudy urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Pain while urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Severe pain on either side of the abdomen and lower back 

Causes

  • Drinking too little or inadequate amounts of water
  • Eating foods with excess sugar or salt content
  • Family history
  • Obesity and/or weight loss surgery
  • Certain infections
  • Excess or too little exercise

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Treatments

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Frequently Asked Questions

What food should be avoided for kidney stones?

Avoid Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, which can contribute to kidney stones. If you suffer from stones, your doctor may advise you to avoid these foods or to consume them in smaller amounts.

Where in your back do you feel kidney pain?

Kidney pain is felt higher and deeper in your body than back pain. You may feel it in the upper half of your back, not the lower part. Unlike back discomfort, it's felt on one or both sides, usually under your rib cage. It's often constant.

Why is kidney pain worse at night?

Usually, people with kidney stones have more pain in the late night and early morning. This is since people normally urinate less during the late night and early morning and at this time the ureter remains constricted.