Gum Disease Gum Disease

Gum Disease

Gum Disease or Periodontal Disease is a chronic inflammatory infection that affects the  gums and supporting structures of the teeth.. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for periodontal gum disease is crucial for maintaining optimal oral health.


  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Bleeding during brushing or flossing
  • Persistent bad breath, receding gums, loose or shifting teeth, and changes in the bite. 

If left untreated, the disease can progress and lead to tooth loss and other serious complications.

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Treatment and Prevention

Frequently Asked Questions

Can periodontal disease be prevented?

Plaque is the most common cause of periodontal disease that can be prevented with proper dental hygiene. Other recommendations to prevent periodontal disease include:

  • Don't smoke
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Floss and brush teeth daily
  • See a dentist regularly
What increases the risk for periodontal disease?

The risk of developing periodontal disease may be related to the following habits and conditions:

  • Tobacco smoking or chewing
  • Systemic diseases such as diabetes
  • Medications such as steroids, anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs and calcium channel blockers
  • Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
  • Crooked teeth
  • Worn bridges or fillings
Why do some people suffer from periodontitis than others?

Around 10% of the population is susceptible. Our knowledge is improving all the time of why this is, although 3 major factors are thought to be responsible. Family history, stress and smoking are all important risk factors. Stopping smoking is an important part of reducing the risk of developing the disease. Certain general diseases such as diabetes may also make an indivdual more susceptible.