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Cataracts are a common eye condition that primarily affects older individuals. They occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, leading to blurred or impaired vision. Cataracts typically develop slowly over time and can eventually interfere with daily activities, such as reading, driving, or recognizing faces.
Common Causes of Cataracts:
- Aging: The natural aging process is a significant risk factor for developing cataracts. Over time, the proteins in the eye's lens can break down and clump together, causing cloudiness.
- Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to developing cataracts, which can be passed down through family members.
- Trauma or Injury: Eye injuries, such as blunt force trauma or chemical burns, can increase the risk of developing cataracts.
- Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or prolonged use of corticosteroid medications, can contribute to cataract development.
- Blurred Vision: Objects may appear hazy, cloudy, or less defined, even with the use of glasses or contact lenses.
- Sensitivity to Light: Bright lights may cause glare or halo effects around objects, making it uncomfortable to drive at night or be in brightly lit environments.
- Difficulty Seeing in Low Light: Vision may be impaired in dimly lit areas or at nighttime.
- Color Fading: Colors may appear dull or faded, making it challenging to distinguish between shades.
- Frequent Changes in Eyeglass Prescription: Cataracts can lead to frequent changes in the prescription for glasses or contact lenses.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can cataracts come back after surgery?
No, cataracts do not come back after cataract surgery. However, in some cases, a clouding of the lens capsule, called posterior capsular opacification (PCO), can occur. PCO can be easily treated with a simple and painless laser procedure to restore clear vision.
How long does cataract surgery take?
The actual surgical procedure usually takes around 15 to 30 minutes. However, you should plan to spend a few hours at the surgical center or hospital to complete pre-operative preparations, recovery, and post-operative evaluations.
What does care post-cataract surgery look like?
Following cataract surgery, it is essential to protect your eyes from excessive sunlight and wear sunglasses with UV protection. Regular follow-up visits with your eye care professional are also recommended to monitor your eye health.