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Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways. It leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, coughing, and chest tightness. Asthma can be triggered by various factors, such as allergens, irritants, exercise, or respiratory infections. While there is no cure for asthma, proper management and treatment can help control symptoms and improve quality of life.
- Genetic Factors: Asthma tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition.
- Environmental Factors: Exposure to allergens (such as dust mites, pollen, pet dander), irritants (such as smoke, strong odors, chemicals), and air pollution can trigger asthma symptoms.
- Respiratory Infections: Viral or bacterial infections, especially in early childhood, can increase the risk of developing asthma.
- Occupational Exposure: Certain occupational settings, such as those involving exposure to chemicals, dust, or fumes, can contribute to the development of asthma.
- Wheezing: A whistling sound when breathing, often during exhalation.
- Shortness of Breath: Difficulty in catching one's breath or a feeling of breathlessness.
- Coughing: Persistent or recurrent cough, especially at night or in the early morning.
- Chest Tightness: A sensation of tightness or pressure in the chest.
- Increased Mucus Production: Excessive mucus in the airways, leading to coughing or phlegm production.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I participate in sports or physical activities if I have asthma?
Yes, individuals with asthma can engage in sports and physical activities. With proper management, including appropriate medications and warm-up exercises, asthma can be well-controlled, allowing for active participation in various activities.
How is bronchial asthma diagnosed?
Diagnosis of bronchial asthma typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and lung function tests. These tests may include spirometry, peak flow measurement, and sometimes allergy testing to identify potential triggers.
What should I do during an asthma attack?
During an asthma attack, follow your asthma action plan provided by your healthcare professional. This may include using your rescue inhaler as directed, finding a comfortable position, and seeking medical help if symptoms do not improve or worsen.